Anxiety is a disorder which presents multiple symptomatological variants and therefore various ways of appearing according to each individual. Keeping in mind that each person is like a different world, we should analyse the reasons why the symptoms vary from one person to another, so as to avoid generalisations.
Yet, in spite of its different symptoms, there is no doubt that the disorder does exist and that there are ways of recovering from it. In the following section, you will find a list of the different types of disorders related to anxiety.
General anxiety disorder: mainly characterized by an excessive and constant feeling of being overwhelmed and worried by things that usually belong to everyday life. Moreover, this feeling does not present any typical feature, and is rather generalised, thus preventing us from living our daily life normally.
Panic disorder: in this case, anxiety appears in the form of relatively short attacks, characterised by excessive fear and extreme terror. These attacks are really horrible experiences, and are usually accompanied by trembles, vertigo and mental confusion. Indeed, they are sometimes confused with heart attacks, since they may also provoke very strong tachycardia.
Panic disorder accompanied by agoraphobia: people suffering from this disorder avoid any situation outside their home. In the long term, they usually stop going outside, until they completely lose contact with the external world.
Phobic disorder: a phobia is an irrational fear of an object, situation, person or animal, among others, which can't be controlled. This type of phobia generates an extreme loss of control as well as a loss of the rational perception of the real danger which the subject causing the fear might actually imply.
Social anxiety disorder: people suffering from social phobias feel a constant fear of interacting with other people, typically for fear of being judged, insulted or of being ridiculous, until they isolate and systematically avoid socializing.
Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD): The typical symptom of the OCD is the presence of obsessions in the form of anxious thoughts and images, which become persistent and intrusive, and can't be controlled. Moreover, this is usually accompanied by compulsions, which means that the affected persons can't help having certain behaviours, do certain actions or rituals, so that they suffer unbearably if they can't complete these rituals. By the way, obsessions are not always accompanied by compulsions.
Post-traumatic stress disorder: this disorder only occurs after living traumatic events, such as wars, natural catastrophes, sexual violence, aggressions or serious accidents, kidnapping, etc. The victims of such events continuously experience mental reminiscences in the form of repetitive flashbacks, without being able either to control or to stop them. This disorder usually generates behaviours aimed at avoiding similar situations and may even bring to depression.